5 Plant Foods to Enhance Your Athletic Performance

By Jackson Long, MS

Maybe you’re an athlete wanting to make nutrition a more intentional part of your toolbox. Or perhaps you’re inspired to try plant-based eating after watching the recent documentary The Game Changers and learning about the plethora of potential benefits, from long-term health improvements to environmental sustainability and animal welfare to enhanced athletic performance.

But it can be hard to figure out which foods to eat regularly and why, and how to incorporate them into your daily meals. As a long-time plant-based endurance athlete and sports nutritionist, I’ve compiled some of my favorite plant-based foods that athletes should eat almost every day, whether you’re totally vegan or omnivorous:

SWEET POTATOES

All hail the mighty sweet potato! Athletes require a steady supply of quality carbohydrates to fuel training and racing and aid in the recovery process. Instead of sugary sports drinks, energy bars and nutritionally poor white rice or pasta, try refueling with sweet potatoes.

An excellent source of complex carbohydrates needed for exercise, they are also packaged with vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene (in the yellow/orange varieties) and anthocyanins (in the purple varieties), super-nutritious phytochemicals that help reduce post-workout inflammation.

Sweet potatoes are an excellent source of fiber, which is my favorite plant-based nutrient for a variety of reasons. Plus, they’re super versatile: You can bake them whole, make oven-baked fries, chop and roast them, then put them in burritos or salads or even as a sweet breakfast with cinnamon and maple syrup — the possibilities are endless.

BLACKSTRAP MOLASSES

This one is a bit of an acquired taste and not necessarily something most people think to include in their regular diets. But in my opinion, it’s the healthiest sweetener around. With more and more of us cutting refined sugar but still in search of some sweetness (I have a huge sweet tooth!), molasses is a fantastic option.

A by-product of processing sugarcane (a whole plant) into sugar, molasses is rich in minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium, all critical for athletes, particularly plant-based ones. I add about a tablespoon to my daily oats and Sunday morning pancakes and put a little bit in smoothies.

ARUGULA, AKA ROCKET LETTUCE

A number of recent studies have found beet juice can improve cardiorespiratory endurance in athletes by increasing efficiency, which improves performance and increases time to exhaustion.You may have heard about drinking beet juice to increase your endurance capacity. The secret ingredient? Naturally occuring nitrates, which your body converts to nitric oxide, a molecule that dilates your blood vessels, increasing blood flow capacity and oxygen efficiency — basically rocket fuel for the endurance athlete.

But before you chug a glass of beet juice: Arugula, or rocket, has a higher dietary nitrate content by weight than beets at about 250 milligrams of nitrates per 100 grams. Arugula is part of the cruciferous vegetable family, which also includes kale, broccoli and Brussels sprouts, that contains a compound called sulforaphane that may have potential for inhibiting cancer cells, according to promising research. I have an arugula addiction and very regularly eat it plain out of the bag because I just love the flavor. But it’s a great base for salads, topping for pizza, and a delicious addition to rice bowls.

TOFU

Protein is, of course, important for athletes, and getting enough is a legitimate concern for athletes wanting to make the switch to a plant-based diet. Athletes generally require 1.2 to 2.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day on the upper range, so you do want to think about eating a nice variety of protein-rich foods spread throughout the day, particularly after intense exercise. Someone my size (around 70 kilograms) needs about 100 grams of protein per day, or around 33 grams at each meal.

Tofu, and soy foods in general, which come from soybeans (a legume), are considered high-quality plant protein because of the spread and amount of amino acids. For example, one of my favorite brands of tofu contains 42 grams of protein in a block, which I’ll eat in one meal easily.

Don’t worry, it’s not going to give you “man boobs” or breast cancer or drastically change your estrogen levels. Soy contains phytoestrogen, meaning plant estrogen, which has a very different effect in the body than mammalian estrogen, and has actually been shown extensively to protect against breast cancer.

Tofu is great marinated overnight in soy sauce, garlic and ginger. then stir fried or in a sandwich, salads, burritos, or scrambles. Look for the extra firm kind and always buy organic.

All kinds of beans and legumes are great sources of protein. Black beans, pintos, garbanzos, lentils, kidney beans—go crazy with them but build up slowly. Don’t slam a plate full of black beans right before a workout or you’ll be very, very sorry (I speak from experience). Legumes also come packaged with fiber, iron, manganese and other nutrients. For example, a half cup of uncooked red lentils contains 7 milligrams of iron, 23 grams of protein, and 10 grams of fiber.

BERRIES

Berries are some of the most nutritionally dense foods on the planet, and are fantastic for recovery because of their high antioxidant content, which helps combat the oxidative damage and inflammation that occurs during exercise and have been shown in the lab to be very effective against muscle soreness and enhancing recovery. They also taste delicious and provide a superior source of carbohydrates. I love blueberries and raspberries! I usually buy my berries locally in season or frozen because they cost much less than their fresh counterparts, and go great in smoothies, pancakes, and oatmeal.

So there it is. A little inspiration to try something new and to level up your lifestyle. Whether you’re vegan or omnivorous, if you can eat these five foods regularly, you’ll be well on your way to athletic excellence while also minimizing your impact on the planet.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jackson Long is a sports nutritionist specializing in plant-based nutrition for athletes. Jackson holds a bachelor’s degree in Integrative Physiology and a master’s degree in Applied Nutrition. A lifelong endurance athlete, he also coaches the SVSEF Nordic team and hosts the sports nutrition and lifestyle-focused podcast, In The Flow.

Learn more at intheflownutrition.com.


New Year’s Resolution: Cultivate Your Friendships For Better Health

What if I told you the best diet you could go on for your health had nothing to do with food or exercise, but everything to do with friendship ?

Most of us resolve to get healthy in the new year. We consider starting with a cleanse, giving up alcohol or joining the gym. While these are all worthy pursuits, there may be an even more effective—not to mention enjoyable!—step that we can take to improve both our short- and long-term health. It’s simple: Spend time with friends.

Whether a close neighbor that you see regularly or a long-distance pal that you email, text and call, strong social ties can enhance your physical and emotional wellbeing in a variety of ways. In fact, research shows that it may even add years to your life. One large-scale study found that people with strong social connections have a 50% greater likelihood of survival than those who are socially isolated. That makes good friendships as beneficial to your health as quitting smoking, losing weight and exercising regularly.

National Geographic fellow and author Dan Buettner, who has studied the people of Okinawa, Japan, where the average life expectancy for women is 90, agrees: “The most powerful thing you can do to add healthy years is to curate your immediate social network.”

Friendships can have a huge impact on mental health and happiness. Good friends relieve stress, provide comfort and joy, and prevent loneliness and isolation, and can even boost our immune system. According to a 2010 report in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, “Strong social ties decrease the risk of contracting certain chronic illnesses and increase the ability to deal with chronic pain.”

5 Benefits of Positive Social Ties
  • Lower stress
  • Less loneliness and depression
  • Stronger immune system
  • Promotes physical activity and other healthy habits
  • Keeps your mind sharp

QUALITY OVER QUANTITY

Having a ton of friends isn’t necessary to reap the mental and physical benefits. Sure, superficial interactions with casual acquaintances can make you feel good, lift your spirits or inspire you. But If all your relationships are distant lack depth, it can lead to feelings of insecurity and loneliness.

If you want to thrive in life, you need deep meaningful relationships. I’m talking about people who know you inside and out, who accept you for who you really are, and who will be there for you when you really need it.

Let’s start the new year by being grateful for what we have. Family and friends are one of the most important relationships we have, and it is easy to take them for granted.

Back in the primal days, we needed community to survive. Fast forward to this millennia, and we can get our most basic needs met without ever knowing who prepared our meal, where the food came from or who grew it. We can order food online and never have to engage with a human.

Our community was essential and now it is optional. There is an increasing number of people that work from home, then binge-watch TV or are stuck with an addiction to their electronic device, making it too easy to unintentionally be alone.

There is a downstream effect on your life if you don’t prioritize your friendships. You may become dissatisfied with your work, your spouse and your life. But what you really are lacking is someone to tell what is or is not working in your life right now. You cannot have all of your needs met from your spouse, it is very important to make time for your tribe.

According to relationship therapist Esther Perel, “Men have difficulty asking if men want to hangout.” Push past this so you can stay healthy. Have you heard of the Roseto effect? It is a phenomena by which a close-knit community experiences a reduced rate of heart disease. Named for Italian immigrants that kept in their close=knit community when they moved to America despite their diets, experienced a low rate of myocardial infarction.

Here are three tips on how to be a good friend:

MAKE A DATE
Make time for your friends by making a friend date. I had a college roommate who had more friends than anyone I knew. He would get home from school and call two or three friends and ask them to go on a bike ride, play soccer or meet at the local pub. Then, while he was doing his homework, he would receive all of these calls back and they would make arrangements to meet. He would ask us, his roommates, to join in. I learned a lot from him. He was popular because he always made an effort. If you reach out to your friends, they will reach back to you. Show your gratitude for your friends by telling them how important your friendship is to you.

LISTEN ACTIVELY
Listen closely to your friends and make eye contact. Make sure the focus of the conversation is on them. Don’t shift the focus back on yourself. Don’t be tempted to tell them what you think they should do, just listen and ask the question, “What do you think you should do about this?” Just having a friend listen affects your nervous system, telling you that you are not alone.

GIVE HUGS

Give them a hug. Look them in the eye and touch them on the shoulder. A great way to start the New Year is to tell your friends “Thank you for being my friend! You are important to me.” It will make you both feel great and add years to your life!

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Health Coach Jody Moss is a graduate of the Institute for Integrative Medicine and a student at Nutritional Therapy Institute.